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نسيت كلمة السر
 

قسم ( ملامح النقود الإسلامية والأسواق العربية عبر العصور مقارنة بعملات وأسوقة الحضارات الأخرى ) في هذا القسم سيتم التركيز على العملات الإسلامية وأسواق العرب وتجارتهم آنذاك مع بيان سبب انتشارها وتوسعها .

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  #11  
قديم 06-25-2011, 03:29 PM
محاسن الظاهر محاسن الظاهر غير متصل
سفيرة الموقع
 
تاريخ التسجيل: Feb 2010
الدولة: الأردن
المشاركات: 1,482
افتراضي

L
Laureate
Head crowned with a laurel wreath.
Legal Tender
Coins or currency which must be accepted in payment of debt.
Legend
Principal inscription on a coin.
Lettered Edge
The outside edge of a coin containing an inscription.
Low Relief
A coin with the raised design not very high above the field.
Luster
Appearance of a coin's ability to reflect light; brilliance. Percentage of the original mint luster is one of the factors in determining grades of "Mint State" coins (e.g. MS-60, MS-65).
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  #12  
قديم 06-26-2011, 01:42 AM
محاسن الظاهر محاسن الظاهر غير متصل
سفيرة الموقع
 
تاريخ التسجيل: Feb 2010
الدولة: الأردن
المشاركات: 1,482
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M
Master die
Original die from which working hubs are made.
Maundy money
An annual gift made on Maundy Thursday of a set of pure silver coins made by the Royal Mint and distributed personally by the Monarch to the poor of Canterbury. The number of sets reflects the number of years the Monarch has occupied the throne.
Medal Alignment
A method of striking coins in which both the obverse and reverse dies are aligned in the same direction. Most Canadian coins are struck this way.
Medal-coin
See also NCLT.
Milled Edge
Raised rim around the outer surface of a coin.

The "3-leg" Mint error was created by polishing a damaged reversedie with an emery stick.


Mint Error
Defective coin produced by a mint.
Mint Luster
Shiny "frost" on the surface of an uncirculated or mint coin.
Mint Mark
Small letter (or other symbol) indicating at which mint the coin was struck.
Mint Roll
Uncirculated coins set wrapped by issuing authority of a certain quantity.
Mint Set
Set of uncirculated coins packaged and sold by the mint.
Mint StateMS
Another word for "uncirculated", usually used in North America. Conditions range from MS-60 to MS-70.
Mis-strike
Off centre striking of a coin.
Monster Box
Large plastic shipping boxes for silver bullion coins, holding 500 coins. US Silver Eagles are shipped in green monster boxes while Canadian Maple Leafs are shipped in red monster boxes.
Motto
Inspirational phrase or wording. Examples include "In God we Trust" on US coins or "Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite" on French coins.
Mule
Coin struck from two dies not intended to be used together.
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  #13  
قديم 06-26-2011, 01:44 AM
محاسن الظاهر محاسن الظاهر غير متصل
سفيرة الموقع
 
تاريخ التسجيل: Feb 2010
الدولة: الأردن
المشاركات: 1,482
افتراضي

N

NCLT
Non circulating legal tender. 1 commemorative coins, 2 old coins, 3 rare coins, 4 restricted coins.
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  #14  
قديم 06-26-2011, 01:46 AM
محاسن الظاهر محاسن الظاهر غير متصل
سفيرة الموقع
 
تاريخ التسجيل: Feb 2010
الدولة: الأردن
المشاركات: 1,482
افتراضي

O

Obverse
Front or heads side of coin.
Overdate
Shown date made by superimposing numbers on a previously dated die.
Over Graded
Coin in worse condition than stated.
Overstrike
Impression with new dies on a previously struck coin.
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  #15  
قديم 06-26-2011, 06:17 AM
محاسن الظاهر محاسن الظاهر غير متصل
سفيرة الموقع
 
تاريخ التسجيل: Feb 2010
الدولة: الأردن
المشاركات: 1,482
افتراضي

P


Regular coin, Essai (Pattern) and Piefort


Pattern
Coin minted from official dies that is not a regular issue, and intended to evaluate new alloys or designs. Patterns can be divided in three categories:
Pattern: A coin which represents a new design, motto, or denomination, proposed but not adopted, at least for the same year. Most of the unadopted designs fit into this modality.
Die Trials: Coins made with the regular issue dies, in metals other than the proper. Usually minted to verify details of a new coin, value or design.
Experimental Pieces: Very similar process to "Die Trials", but with subtle differences. A coin minted with a die, official or not, to try a new metal, alloy, or shape.
Patina
Surface film caused by oxidation, usually green or brown, mostly found on older silver, copper or bronze coins.
Pedigree
Record of previous owners of a rare coin.
Piefort
A piece struck on a planchet twice or more the normal thickness. The French spelling used in Europe is piedfort.
Planchet
Blank prepared piece of metal on which the coin is struck.
Privy
Small mark, often hidden, on a coin, traditionally to indicate the mintmaster or moneyer.
Proclamation Coins
Coins declared legal tender even though they are not issued by the sovereign, but by another sovereign.

2002Lincoln cent, Obverse, proof with cameo.


Proof
Coins specially struck for collectors using polished dies and planchets. The resulting coins usually have a mirror field and raised areas are frosted in appearance.
Proof Set
Set of proof coins packaged and sold by the mint.
Punch Mark
Coin struck from 'punching' the coin with symbols or seal. Ex: Five Punch Marked coins of ancient India. Punch Marks generally represent animals, tree, hills, and human figures. These coins were issued by royal authority and generally marked with banker's punches on the reverse.
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مامن عظمة إلا وبها مسحة من الجفون !


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  #16  
قديم 06-26-2011, 06:21 AM
محاسن الظاهر محاسن الظاهر غير متصل
سفيرة الموقع
 
تاريخ التسجيل: Feb 2010
الدولة: الأردن
المشاركات: 1,482
افتراضي

Q



Quarter U.S.A./Canada
United States or Canada $0.25 coin. Short for Quarter Dollar.

Quarter EagleU.S.A
United States gold $2.50 coin
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مامن عظمة إلا وبها مسحة من الجفون !


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  #17  
قديم 06-27-2011, 07:57 PM
محاسن الظاهر محاسن الظاهر غير متصل
سفيرة الموقع
 
تاريخ التسجيل: Feb 2010
الدولة: الأردن
المشاركات: 1,482
افتراضي

R
Raw
Coin that has not been encapsulated by any coin grading service.
Reeded Edge
Edge of a coin with grooved lines around the perimeter. Also known as a milled edge.
Relief
Part of the coin's design that is raised above the field.
Re-strike
Coin struck from genuine dies at a date later than the original issue. Some of the 1804 US Silver Dollars were restrikes.
Reverse
Back or tails side of the coin. Opposite of 'Obverse'.
Rim
Raised portion of the design along the edge that protects the coin from wear. It also makes the coins stackable and easy to roll by machine.
Round
Round one ounce bullion piece, generally issued privately.
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مامن عظمة إلا وبها مسحة من الجفون !


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  #18  
قديم 07-06-2011, 09:45 PM
محاسن الظاهر محاسن الظاهر غير متصل
سفيرة الموقع
 
تاريخ التسجيل: Feb 2010
الدولة: الأردن
المشاركات: 1,482
افتراضي

S

Series
Set of years coin was minted with a specific design and denomination.

Scruple
One Roman scruple = 1/24 Roman uncia; the modern (nominal) estimate of the weight of the Roman scruple is 1.125 g.
Silver Dollar
A one-dollar coin minted in the U.S. (until 1935), and Canada (until 1967). Dollar coins made after those dates are sometimes called "silver dollars" although they are actually made of nickel or other metal. Dollar coins struck in Canada since 1987 are more commonly referred to as Loonies because of the loon design on the reverse.
Slab
Plastic case containing a coin that has been graded and encapsulated.
Spanish dollar
Coin issued in Spain and its colonies from 1497 to 1864. Equal to 8 Reales. Also known as a 'Piece of Eight'. It was legal tender in the United States until 1857.
Spot Price
Quoted market value of one troy ounce of a precious metal in bullion form.
Stainless Steel
A combination of iron, carbon and another element, usually chromium, to prevent rusting. Coins struck on stainless steel are very durable and maintain their shiny appearance, but the hardness of the metal requires that the coins have a low relief in order to prolong
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مامن عظمة إلا وبها مسحة من الجفون !


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  #19  
قديم 07-06-2011, 09:48 PM
محاسن الظاهر محاسن الظاهر غير متصل
سفيرة الموقع
 
تاريخ التسجيل: Feb 2010
الدولة: الأردن
المشاركات: 1,482
افتراضي


T

A rare and historic Bechuanaland Border Police canteen token.


Token
Privately issued piece that has redeemable value for goods or services, but is not an official government coin. An example would be subway tokens.
Tombac
A type of brass that was used to make Canadian 5 cent coins in 1942 and 1943. There was a shortage of the usual nickel due to World War II. A shortage of copper forced a switch to Chromium plated steel in 1944.
Trade Dollar
Silver dollar issued specifically for trade with a foreign country.
Truncation
Sharply cut off bottom edge of a portrait or bust. The coin engraver's initials are often found on the truncation.
Type
Coin's basic distinguishing design.
Type Set
One of each coin of a particular design, series or period.
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مامن عظمة إلا وبها مسحة من الجفون !


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  #20  
قديم 07-06-2011, 09:50 PM
محاسن الظاهر محاسن الظاهر غير متصل
سفيرة الموقع
 
تاريخ التسجيل: Feb 2010
الدولة: الأردن
المشاركات: 1,482
افتراضي

U
Uncirculated
Coin that has never been used, thus retaining all or most of its original luster.
Uniface
A coin struck with the design on one side only.
Union
A proposed United States gold coin worth one hundred dollars. Only one pattern 'half union' is known to exist. Platinum $100 coins are not technically 'unions'.
Unique
Item of which only one is known to exist.
Upset
A coin struck on which the obverse and reverse are out of alignment.
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